ATENTIE: Folosirea necorespunzatoare a statiei radio, emiterea in benzi neautorizate, perturbarea unor terti, precum si orice altceva care este impotriva regulamentului ANCOM valabil, efectuarea unui update de firmware gresit, care poate strica statia, este in totalitate raspunderea dumneavoastra.

Sa trecem la treaba. Pentru toate versiunile, pasii sunt “relativ” identici.

uvtools-egzumer_v0.22 – la acest link este un website cu care puteti scrie firmware-ul direct pe statie. Este cea mai simpla modalitate. Folositi un browser Chrome, si asigurati-va ca driverul pentru cablul USB este instalat.
Ce ofera aceasta varianta?

  • many of OneOfEleven mods:
    • AM fix, huge improvement in reception quality
    • long press buttons functions replicating F+ action
    • fast scanning
    • channel name editing in the menu
    • channel name + frequency display option
    • shortcut for scan-list assignment (long press 5 NOAA)
    • scan-list toggle (long press * Scan while scanning)
    • configurable button function selectable from menu
    • battery percentage/voltage on status bar, selectable from menu
    • longer backlight times
    • mic bar
    • RSSI s-meter
    • more frequency steps
    • squelch more sensitive
  • fagci spectrum analyzer (F+5 to turn on)
  • some other mods introduced by me:
    • SSB demodulation (adopted from fagci)
    • backlight dimming
    • battery voltage calibration from menu
    • better battery percentage calculation, selectable for 1600mAh or 2200mAh
    • more configurable button functions
    • long press MENU as another configurable button
    • better DCS/CTCSS scanning in the menu (* SCAN while in RX DCS/CTCSS menu item)
    • Piotr022 s-meter style
    • restore initial freq/channel when scanning stopped with EXIT, remember last found transmission with MENU button
    • reordered and renamed menu entries
    • LCD interference crash fix

Operarea meniului

Meniul poate fi accesat cu butonul M (apăsare scurtă).

Odată ajuns în meniul principal, elementele de meniu vor fi afișate în partea stângă a ecranului. Elementul de meniu selectat în prezent va fi evidențiat și valoarea curentă pentru acel element de meniu va fi afișată în partea dreaptă. De asemenea, în partea stângă jos va fi afișat un număr al elementului de meniu, variind de la 01 la cel mai mare număr.

Pentru a găsi elementul de meniu de accesat, pot fi folosite tastele săgeți UP/DOWN , sau numărul articolului de meniu (vezi listele de mai jos) poate fi introdus pe tastatura numerică. De exemplu, pentru a accesa setările VOX, un număr 57 poate fi introdus pe tastatură.

Odată ce elementul de meniu dorit este evidențiat, apăsarea tastei Menu va intra în acel element de meniu.

Odată ce elementul de meniu este selectat, apăsarea tastelor săgeți sus și jos va ajusta setarea pentru acel element de meniu. Pentru a confirma selecția, apăsați tasta Menu. Pentru a anula selecția, apăsați tasta EXIT.

Meniu principal

Numărul din fața descrierii articolului-meniu este un număr al articolului de meniu care poate fi folosit pentru o selecție rapidă.

  1. Step – step of the frequency (in kHz), up/down buttons change frequency by this value, also you can only set a frequency that is multiple of this value. 2.50/5/6.25/10.00/12.50/25.00/8.33 are the steps that can be set by programming software, all other steps are extension from standard software, and can only be selected from this menu entry
  2. TxPwr – radio output power (LOW/MID/HIGH)
  3. RxDCS – receiver Digital-Coded Squelch, if you enable this, squelch will only unlock if this code is being received. You can start a DCS/CTCSS scan while you are in this menu option by pressing * SCAN button
  4. RxCTCS – receiver Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System, squelch will only unlock if this code is being received. You can start a DCS/CTCSS scan while you are in this menu option by pressing * SCAN button
  5. TxDCS – transmitter Digital-Coded Squelch, radio will send given code while transmitting
  6. TxCTCS – transmitter Continuous Tone-Coded Squelch System, radio will send given code while transmitting
  7. TxODir – transmitter frequency offset direction
  8. TxOffs – transmitter frequency offset value
  9. W/N – bandwidth used by transceiver
    • WIDE – 25kHz
    • NARROW – 12.5kHz
  10. Scramb – scrambler, distorts the audio so it would be harder to understand for other listeners, if two radios use the same setting they can communicate
  11. BusyCL – busy channel lockout, blocks radio from transmitting because signal is being received (with BUSY on screen while PTT is pressed)
  12. Compnd – compander (compressor/expander), allows signals with a large dynamic range to be transmitted over facilities that have a smaller dynamic range capability, improves audio quality, both radios should use this option
  13. Demodu – demodulator mode, default is FM, AM/USB can be used for listening only
  14. ScAdd1 – add channel to scan list 1
  15. ScAdd2 – add channel to scan list 2
  16. ChSave – save current setting to a memory channel
  17. ChDele – delete memory channel
  18. ChName – modify memory channel name
    • Use up/down keys to select a channel to edit
    • Press the Menu button again to enter edit name mode
    • Use up/down keys or digits (0 ~ 9) to cycle the letters etc.
    • Press the Menu button to move to the next character position
    • Repeat above two steps till you reach the end
    • When “Sure?” pops up, press Menu to save, or Exit to cancel
    • Press Exit at any time to cancel the edit and return to main menu.
  19. SList – selects which channel is used by memory channel scanner
  20. SList1 – channels assigned to scan list 1
  21. SList2 – channels assigned to scan list 2
  22. ScnRev – scan resume mode
    • CARRIER – resume scan after signal disappears
    • TIMEOUT – resume scan after 5 seconds pause
    • STOP – after receiving a signal, stop the scan
  23. F1Shrt – side button 1 short press function
  24. F1Long – side button 1 long press function
  25. F2Shrt – side button 2 short press function
  26. F2Long – side button 2 long press function
  27. M Long – menu button long press function
  28. KeyLck – auto keypad lock option
  29. TxTOut – max transmission time limit
  30. BatSav – battery save option, a rate between active time and sleep time
  31. Mic – microphone sensitivity
  32. MicBar – microphone bar that appears while transmitting
  33. ChDisp – channel display style
  34. POnMsg – power on message
  35. BatTxt – additional battery value on the status bar in % or volts
  36. BackLt – backlight duration
  37. BLMin – minimal backlight brightness, when the screen backlight turns OFF it will go dim to this value
  38. BLMax – maximal backlight brightness, when the screen backlight turns ON it will turn bright to this value
  39. BltTRX – backlight activation on TX or RX
  40. Beep – keypad press beep sound
  41. Roger – roger beep at the end of transmission
  42. STE – squelch tail eliminator, eliminates noise at the end of a transmission
  43. RP STE – repeater squelch tail eliminator
  44. 1 Call – one key call channel, lets you quickly switch to the channel with 9 Call button
  45. ANI ID – DTMF communication radio ID
  46. UPCode – DTMF code that is sent at the beginning of transmission
  47. DWCode – DTMF code that is sent at the end of a transmission
  48. PTT ID – sets if UPCode and/or DWCode should be transmitted
  49. D ST – DTMF side tone switch, lets you hear transmitted tones in the radio speaker
  50. D Resp – DTMF decoding response
    • DO NOTHING: do nothing
    • RING – Local ringing
    • REPLY – reply response
    • BOTH – local ringing + reply response
  51. D Hold – DTMF auto reset time
  52. D Prel – DTMF pre-load time
  53. D Decd – enables DTMF decoder
  54. D List – list of DTMF contacts
  55. D Live – displays DTMF codes received by radio in the middle of the screen
  56. AM Fix – activates autogain AM fix function
  57. VOX – voice TX activation sensitivity level VOX Setting
  58. BatVol – battery voltage and percentage
  59. RxMode – sets how the upper and lower frequency is used
    • MAIN ONLY – always transmits and listens on the main frequency
    • DUAL RX RESPOND – listens to both frequencies, if signal is received on the secondary frequency it locks to it for a couple of seconds so you can respond to the call (DWR)
    • CROSS BAND – always transmits on the primary and listens on the secondary frequency (XB)
    • MAIN TX DUAL RX – always transmits on the primary, listens to both (DW)
  60. Sql – squelch sensitivity level

Hidden menu

Hidden menu is activated by holding PTT + SIDE BUTTON 1 while turning on the radio and than Release All Keys.

  1. F Lock – sets the TX frequency band plan.
    • DEFAULT+ (137-174, 400-470) – allows TX on default bands, plus options Tx 200, Tx 350, Tx 500
    • FCC HAM (144-148, 420-450)
    • CE HAM (144-146, 430-440)
    • GB HAM (144-148, 430-440)
    • (137-174, 400-430)
    • (137-174, 400-438)
    • DISABLE ALL – disables TX on all frequencies
    • UNLOCK ALL – enables TX on all bands (it has additional lock, read a wiki on how to turn that on)
  2. Tx 200 – enables TX on 200MHz
  3. Tx 350 – enables TX on 350MHz
  4. Tx 500 – enables TX on 500MHz
  5. 350 En – enables RX on 350MHz
  6. ScraEn – enables scrambler function
  7. BatCal – battery calibration, measure the voltage on the back of the radio, and adjust the value in the menu accordingly
  8. BatTyp – battery type, 1600mAh and 2200mAh battery has very different discharge curve, this is used to calculate battery level percentage
  9. Reset – resets radio configuration settings
    • VFO – removes only channel settings
    • ALL – resets all radio settings – Acesta este un configurator in care puteti seta urmatoarele:

  • Aplicatii: S-Meter, spectrum analizer, text messenger, Pong game
  • Icoana baterie
  • Custom bootscreen
  • Fontul si cum se afiseaza pe ecran
  • Deschiderea receptiei de la 18 MHz la 1300 MHz
  • Pasi frecventa
  • etc

Saitul este in engleza si este bine explicat. In prima sectiune de instructiuni puteti vedea si cum se poate deschide la emisie. Se porneste o sectiune “rosie” a saitului.
Apoi, in partea dreapta se da click pe Patch firmware, dupa care pe Flash directly.
Trebuie folosit un browser Chrome, doar cu acesta se poate comunica prin cablul serial USB. Daca nu functioneaza, probabil aveti nevoie de driverul pentru cablul USB. Statia se pune in mod programare tinand apasat butonul PTT, apoi pornind-o. Ledul va sta aprins, iar cand incepe scrierea, va clipi.

Pentru ca se poate decoda SSB, daca folositi versiunea “FAGCI” puteti avea si SSB pe Quansheng. Filmul urmator va explica cum se face:
link updater Download Firmware Updater(folder name “UV-K5(8) Firmware”)
instructiuni update :

Driver CHIRP pentru UV-K5/K6/5R pe care ruleaza firmware-ul Egzumer
Faceti download al fisierului (faceti click dreapta si “Save Link As...“).
Cum se instaleaza:

  1. go to menu Help and turn on Developer mode
  2. Restart CHIRP
  3. Go to menu File, Load module...
  4. Choose downloaded, new radio will appear in Quansheng section in download/upload function.
  5. Important, go to menu View and turn ON Show extra fields, this will show more options in Memories tab

Linkuri oficiale suport K5, K5(8).